Liberty The Lives and Times of Six Women in Revolutionary France (E–book)

  • Paperback
  • 464
  • Liberty The Lives and Times of Six Women in Revolutionary France
  • Lucy Moore
  • English
  • 07 July 2018
  • 9780060825270

Lucy Moore ï 0 Free download

Free read ↠ PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook ï Lucy Moore Read æ Liberty The Lives and Times of Six Women in Revolutionary France 100 Lucy Moore ï 0 Free download Different social and economic backgrounds who helped stoke the fervor and idealism of those years and who risked everything to make their mark on historyGermaine de Staël was a wealthy passionate Parisian intellectual as consumed by love affairs as she was by politics who helped write the 1791 Constitution T In Liberty The Life and Times of Six Women in Revolutionary France author Lucy Moore tells the story of six remarkable women and the turbulent times in which they lived Although the book is nonfiction it reads very well and holds the reader s interest as well as a novel Moore s six protagonists come from various levels on the social scale from aristocrats to working class women and each has a compelling storyGermaine de Sta l was the daughter of Jacues Necker Louis XVI s popular finance minister His dismissal was one of the events that led to the storming of the Bastille Germaine was married to the Swedish ambassador but it was a marriage of convenience and she had many lovers over the years but would not divorce her husband even when divorce became legal because of the diplomatic immunity her marriage gave her She was highly intelligent and sociable and in 1789 at the beginning of the French Revolution she was France s leading salon hostess Many liberal intellectuals came to Mme de Sta l s salon to discuss philosophy and the politics of the day Mme de Sta l and the people usually men who freuented her salon supported the idealistic early stage of the revolution but they thought France should have a king with his powers limited by a constitution As the revolution became increasingly radical Mme de Sta l became disillusioned with it and in 1792 as she attempted to flee from Paris her carriage was surrounded by a mob and dragged to the city hall where luckily for her an old friend was in charge and she was eventually given permission to leave the country She settled in her father s native Switzerland but wanted to join her lover Louis de Narbonne who was rud to be the illegitimate son of a member of the royal family in England and was devastated to learn he no longer loved her Mme de Sta l returned to France after the Terror and once again became a leader in society She became well known as a novelist drawing thinly disguised portraits of herself and the people in her circle and was a prolific letter writer When Napoleon came to power she supported him at first but became disillusioned after he declared himself consul for life and then emperor and also because he seemed immune to her charms She left the country once again became one of Napoleon s most severe critics and lived to survive his ruleManon Roland was than a decade older than Germaine de Sta l but was also a leading salon hostess She came from a middle class background and was a prolific reader from an early age After being educated in a convent she married a man much older than herself Their marriage was one of intellects and there was never much passion on either side During the early phase of the revolution Mme Roland s political beliefs were similar to Germaine de Sta l s but she eventually moved farther to the left and supported the fall of the monarchy At her salon she hosted a group of politicians known as the Girondins who were moderate revolutionaries She fell in love with one of them Fran ois Buzot but never acted on her feelings even though her husband became jealous Mme Roland kept her feelings hidden from the outside world and even in her memoir which she wrote from prison she never mentioned the man she loved by name It was only many years later that people found out who he was when some of her letters to him were discoveredRobespierre was originally a friend of Mme Roland but as he became radical there was a split between them and he engineered the downfall of Mme Roland s friends the Girondins Mme Roland herself was imprisoned Although unlike Mme de Sta l she never intended to be an author she wrote her memoirs in prison After several months in prison she was guillotined as were many of her friends Her husband and the man she loved both committed suicide to avoid the guillotine Mme Roland was a woman of many contradictions whose words often said one thing while her actions said another She often said women should not have the vote and they should be subordinate to their husbands In this she was influenced by Rousseau who believed women should be confined to the domestic sphere But on the other hand she had a passion for politics and she spoke before the National Convention and wrote her husband s speeches If she had lived today she might have become a politician herselfTh r sia de Fontenay was the daughter of a wealthy family and educated at a convent She was married off at fourteen to an aristocrat who was much older Her husband lived a dissolute life and from the beginning her marriage was very unhappy Only fifteen in 1789 she embraced the revolution early on even though she was married to an aristocrat Th r sia became the lover of Jean Lambert Tallien a young deputy in the National Convention who was at least at the beginning an ally of Robespierre Always kind hearted Th r sia used her influence with Tallien to save many people from the guillotine Eventually Tallien turned against Robespierre and was one of the leaders of the coup that resulted in his downfall and execution Th r sia became one of the stars of society under the new government the Directory This was a decadent society with extravagant balls and parties and Th r sia thrived in that atmosphere She was known for wearing very revealing clothes with bare arms and even bare breasts She married Tallien after Robespierre s fall but their marriage was not happy and she had many lovers Th r sia became the best friend of the future Empress Josephine but they had a major falling out after the coup d tat against the Directory that brought Napoleon to power because Th r sia continued to support the members of the former government especially Barras one of the Directors who had been her lover Also she rejected Napoleon s advances and he never forgave her for it She eventually married an aristocrat and was content in her last marriageIn contrast to the upper class women Moore also writes about two lower class women Th roigne de M ricourt and Pauline L on Not as much is known about their lives since the lives of the lower classes in general are sparsely documented But what Moore tells us about these women is fascinating Th roigne was born just outside the French border in what was then part of the Austrian Empire and fell in love early on with a British soldier who promised to marry her but instead seduced and abandoned her Because she was considered a fallen woman she was not welcomed back into the society into which she was born and she became a courtesan Th roigne was an enthusiastic supporter of the revolution and from the beginning argued for political rights for women She freuently took to the streets in various riots and protests In 1792 Th roigne participated in the attack on the royal palace that led to the fall of the monarchy and she attacked a royalist journalist who had often reviled her because of her past as a courtesan In spite of the efforts of Th roigne and others to gain political rights for women Robespierre and many of the other leading revolutionaries who were influenced by Rousseau believed the revolution should be only for men Th roigne wanted women to be able to join the Jacobin Club but Robespierre and other leading Jacobins turned down her reuest Th roigne eventually became disillusioned with the revolution and returned to her home in the Austrian Empire where she was interrogated because of her revolutionary activities She then returned to France where she opposed the Terror At one time she was almost killed by a mob and was lucky to escape with her life Tragically she suffered from mental illness which probably started during the Terror and she spent the last part of her life in an insane asylumPauline L on was the daughter of a working class family in Paris and had to support her widowed mother and younger siblings from an early age She was an enthusiastic supporter of the revolution from the beginning and like Th roigne participated in many riots and protests although it has been debated whether she actually participated in the women s march to Versailles in 1789 where the market women of Paris demanding bread to feed their families brought the king back to Paris Together with other working class women who shared her views she formed a women s revolutionary society which demanded political rights including the vote for women and often took to the streets in protest Originally L on and her group were allies of Robespierre and the Jacobins but when they refused to extend voting rights to women they joined forces with a political faction called the enrag s who were politically to the left of Robespierre and were sympathetic to the possibility of rights for women But Robespierre sent many of the leaders of the enrag s to the guillotine and L on s group eventually faded from the scene L on married a journalist Th ophile Leclerc and settled down into her married lifeThe youngest protagonist of Moore s book introduced relatively late in the book is Juliette R camier who was married very young to a banker who had been her mother s lover In fact there were rumors that her husband was actually her father It was probably a marriage in name only Juliette was only a child at the beginning of the revolution but she became a leading salon hostess during the Directory and under Napoleon s rule Initially she and Th r sia Tallien were friends but they became rivals and their lifestyles were opposites Th r sia was sexually promiscuous and wore revealing clothes but Juliette was modest in her clothing and chaste in her lifestyle Modesty and chastity were considered ideals for women under Napoleon s rule and so Juliette supplanted Th r sia as the leading lady of Parisian society Interestingly Juliette became close friends with Germaine de Sta l even though their lifestyles were so different and Juliette was the model for a character in one of Germaine s novelsAs well as telling the story of these fascinating women Moore writes about the role of women in the French Revolution in general Women participated in all the major events of the revolution including the storming of the Bastille the women s march to Versailles and the fall of the monarchy Of course Moore writes of the women who knitted at the foot of the guillotine the basis for Dickens Mme Defarge in A Tale of Two Cities But as Moore points out even though women played a vital role in all the events of the revolution they never gained political and voting rights which were reserved for men They did gain some important civil rights they could marry without their parents permission once they reached a certain age they could own property independently of their husbands and they could initiate a divorce But the rights they gained under the revolution were taken away by Napoleon And as Moore says men and women were eual before the guillotine Women as well as men were guillotined during the Terror even though they did not make the political gains that men didI highly recommend Moore s book In these difficult times it is fascinating to read about people who lived through another difficult time The book is relatively long but it reads uickly and is a very rewarding experience

characters Liberty The Lives and Times of Six Women in Revolutionary France

Liberty The Lives and Times of Six Women in Revolutionary France

Free read ↠ PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook ï Lucy Moore Read æ Liberty The Lives and Times of Six Women in Revolutionary France 100 Lucy Moore ï 0 Free download Héroigne de Méricourt was an unhappy courtesan who fell in love with revolutionary ideals Exuberant decadent Thérésia Tallien was a ruthless manipulator instrumental in engineering Robespierre's downfall Their stories and others provide a fascinating new perspective on one of history's most turbulent epoch Absolutely loved this book Not only is on the beautiful side great pictures handsomely bound it has an intellectual heft to it as well You know after reading bunches of books about the French Revolution which gets kicked off by angry women poissardes the fish market women getting ticked off and marching to Versailles armed with pikes dragging some cannons behind them I don t think I ve ever read a full profile on one of these women before or what actually their aims were besides bread I didn t know that they had a 3 point platform education for women a mark of shame for prostitutes and women s trades like dressmaking and embroidery be reserved only for women Basically the 1790s goes from a time of women with great influence because of salons romantic entanglement or family ties but no real power whatsoever to a surge of female participation in the public and political life to The Terror where anything feminine was suspect under the lizard like stare of Robespierre to extreme misogynistic set backs under Napoleon So very little to some to lucky to escape with life to no power at all which is as depressing as the first feminist Olympe de Gouges sigh at her death sentence I wanted so much to be someone This book focuses on the lives of 6 women Pauline Leon a lower class rabble rouser Theroigne de Mericourt the Jacobin extremist Theresia Tallien the Outsider Rescuer Madame de Stael that Third Power of Europe Madame Roland the RomanGirondist Politician Juliette Recamier the Unsullied Beauty An assortment of other women flit through these pages too Lucy de la Tour du Pin is here Charlotte Corday Josephine de Genlis Vigee le Brun Mary Wollstonecraft Helen Williams etc What these women were doing during the time of Revolution Napoleon corresponds with most of the action and it was very interesting seeing all the different perspectives What s also interesting is the impact on pornographic misogynist and straight up libelous articles pamphlets and newspapers and how that changed history to the degree that it did Public opinion being whipped up against Marie Antoinette as incestuous mother lesbian whore to basically how ALL the women in the book were run through newspapers Like what happened to Theresia Tallien sometimes people get lifted up as a celebrity only so the media can bring them down again her real crime was laughing when Napoleon propositioned her Marat was killed by Corday to silence his articles And in one of my favorite parts in this book Theroigne the ardent Jacobin meets up with the most vicious misogynist amongst the royalist hacks who has previously smeared her in newspaper articles Theroigne fought besides the Marseille regiment and was at the head of a gang which confronted the royalist journalist Francois SuleauShe recognized Suleau or at least recognized the name and leapt at his throat His head promptly goes up on a pike and she gets a civic crown for all the street fighting she did And then wound up in a mental hospital smeared with feces manacled to a wall thinking she s still before the Revolutionary Tribunal so pretty bad ending but I guess for a while it was perfect for herWhich is another good thing this book does brings you to a close view of each person with a clear understanding of their goals or aims Madame Roland I ve always found a bit off putting before perhaps because of her earnest but sort of dour primness so it can be hard to get really excited about her she gets lost in all the turbans and see through chiffons or outfits but I actually found myself tearing up in her final chapters And I did notice something across EVERY woman s platform no matter where they stood ideologically or faction wise women s education And probably each one would have agreed with the de Stael aphorism of Resist keep resisting and find the center of your support in yourself Minor grumble though about some of the typos I saw heir instead of their and some personal pronouns were incorrect which is an odd error to see but minor typos aside everything else I found perfect A fantastic book and one of the cornerstones of my collection

Free read ↠ PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook ï Lucy Moore

Free read ↠ PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook ï Lucy Moore Read æ Liberty The Lives and Times of Six Women in Revolutionary France 100 Lucy Moore ï 0 Free download The ideals of the French Revolution inflamed a longing for liberty and euality within courageous freethinking women of the era women who played vital roles in the momentous events that reshaped their nation and the world In Liberty Lucy Moore paints a vivid portrait of six extraordinary Frenchwomen from vastly More like 45 starsWomen s roles in revolution has interested me ever since I studied Modern European history at uni so I was very excited when I found this book I was even excited when I discovered it covered some territory I wasn t all that familiar withThis accessible bio covers the lives of six women from all classes who lived and were politically active or as active as women were allowed to be during the French Revolution and Napoleonic era It refreshingly tells the other side of the story essentially how the various political ideologies and stages of this tumultuous time in France changed women s influence and positions in society And while that may sound somewhat dry it wasn t at all I found it very readable and at times almost gossipy my favourite type of bio although that s not to say it wasn t well researched with lots of notes references glossaries and gorgeous colour plates Be warned though it probably pays to know your French Rev basics before reading as what the men did is mainly covered in reference to the womenMost enjoyable as was reading it with my good friend Kim