Pdf/E–pub Metahistory The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth Century Europe

free read ´ eBook or Kindle ePUB ô Hayden White

free read ´ eBook or Kindle ePUB ô Hayden White Hayden White ô 3 read characters Metahistory The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth Century Europe Er content the metahistorical element indicates what an appropriate historical explanation might beIn pursuing his thesis White provides a book that will be of interest to philosoph. White seeks to classify forms of history from the 19th century in a meta historyHis focus is wholly in terms of classification as if the classification has meaning in itself He understands some of what is at stake in the forms of history but by not focusing on the role history can play for instance to create power structures or to legitimatize certain kinds of psychotechnology White creates a very dry tome where the action of his analysis is simply flipping between categories for his subject historiansThe result is that in his analysis is that he loses sight of what is at stake in his analysis Putting one historian in one category vs another is NOT meaning by itself Further these historians have different influences on them which leads them to approach history in the way that they doThis approach castrates his analysis because White expects the categories themsleves to carry meaning instead of the political implications of the categories historians chooseWhite s approach might be useful for historians if they are then aware of their rhetorical approach However this is stupid because it presents a form of thoughtlessness White s final historian he valorizes as getting it right although he doesn t explain why this approach is best Instead White expects us to take his approach as the best one for history ignoring the fact that history of the past is always the justificationfoundation for meaning of present actions White s approach is an example of using the method while critiuing it He prizes the ironic approach because he thinks this presents the most variation in meaning He does not instead see that this approach like all them simultaneously creates meaning as meaning can only be made in contrast This can create a false sense of objectivity since meaning is in context as much as it is in messageAll in all White seems like an expert academic attempting a critical theorylinguistics discourse analysis approach to history A major problem with White is that he takes historians as the primary instigators of philosophical systems about history while he critiues them He does not engage advanced theories of rhetorical analysis available today to examine historians I am not sure why he took this approach Perhaps he thought the research of others was out of bounds even though they offer advanced platforms for analysisInstead White opts to treat everyone in terms of being a historian while critiuing their analysis This is problematic because on the one hand White problematizes the discourse of history What is history Who gets to speak How do they create history in their approach yet on the other hand he takes history as a discipline for granted as though duh we know what history is We just have to find the best version all the while he is uestioning what history is This reads as though someone who is an expert at their field thought they can write a book about their field in terms of another field without looking to see what others have already done that could help him This approach is not too interesting as it reads like a New Formalist reading of texts as though his form of categorization was somehow objective It s not Within his text his categories run across each other because their boundaries are in some sense blurry and open to interpretation Historians may adopt general approaches to their subject but they do not stick wholly to one artificeSo all in all while White s attempt is heroic in terms of range and depth his approach is self sabotaging because his approach is not stable nor does it present the meaning he thinks it does because his approach is not stable Some of his analysis is insightful and well thought out Much of it is merely his jibber jabber as he tries to classify one historian one way or another way as though that will help us understand how to place a historianPerhaps this is how comparative literature works I don t know But what is the point of a survey of 19th century history if it only tells us about what is good history based on its own internal classification instead of letting us decide what is good history based on how a certain deployment of narrative creates history and the society that reads itAll in all the internal classification is largely meaningless as it is his opinion As a tool it lacks the teeth of showing us what good history should do by showing us what history is And history isn t just classification of the past because anyone can create a list of categories Getting Naked role history can play for instance to create power structures or to legitimatize certain kinds of psychotechnology White creates a very dry tome where the action of his analysis is simply flipping between categories for his subject historiansThe Invisible Jim Crow result is that in his analysis is that he loses sight of what is at stake in his analysis Putting one historian in one category vs another is NOT meaning by itself Further these historians have different influences on them which leads them to approach history in the way that they doThis approach castrates his analysis because White expects the categories themsleves to carry meaning instead of the political implications of the categories historians chooseWhite s approach might be useful for historians if they are then aware of their The Vault Guide to the Case Interview rhetorical approach However this is stupid because it presents a form of thoughtlessness White s final historian he valorizes as getting it The Castle Diaries right although he doesn t explain why this approach is best Instead White expects us to take his approach as the best one for history ignoring the fact that history of the past is always the justificationfoundation for meaning of present actions White s approach is an example of using the method while critiuing it He prizes the ironic approach because he thinks this presents the most variation in meaning He does not instead see that this approach like all them simultaneously creates meaning as meaning can only be made in contrast This can create a false sense of objectivity since meaning is in context as much as it is in messageAll in all White seems like an expert academic attempting a critical theorylinguistics discourse analysis approach to history A major problem with White is that he takes historians as the primary instigators of philosophical systems about history while he critiues them He does not engage advanced theories of The Song of the Mockingbird rhetorical analysis available today to examine historians I am not sure why he took this approach Perhaps he thought the Sir Halmanac and the Crimson Star research of others was out of bounds even though they offer advanced platforms for analysisInstead White opts to treat everyone in terms of being a historian while critiuing their analysis This is problematic because on the one hand White problematizes the discourse of history What is history Who gets to speak How do they create history in their approach yet on the other hand he takes history as a discipline for granted as though duh we know what history is We just have to find the best version all the while he is uestioning what history is This Souls in the Great Machine reads as though someone who is an expert at their field thought they can write a book about their field in terms of another field without looking to see what others have already done that could help him This approach is not too interesting as it Judge Dredd Chronicles #19 reads like a New Formalist THE WALLPAPER CHASE reading of texts as though his form of categorization was somehow objective It s not Within his text his categories SpongeBob Mix Match run across each other because their boundaries are in some sense blurry and open to interpretation Historians may adopt general approaches to their subject but they do not stick wholly to one artificeSo all in all while White s attempt is heroic in terms of Rules of the Knife Fight range and depth his approach is self sabotaging because his approach is not stable nor does it present the meaning he thinks it does because his approach is not stable Some of his analysis is insightful and well thought out Much of it is merely his jibber jabber as he tries to classify one historian one way or another way as though that will help us understand how to place a historianPerhaps this is how comparative literature works I don t know But what is the point of a survey of 19th century history if it only tells us about what is good history based on its own internal classification instead of letting us decide what is good history based on how a certain deployment of narrative creates history and the society that Know What I Saw? reads itAll in all the internal classification is largely meaningless as it is his opinion As a tool it lacks the teeth of showing us what good history should do by showing us what history is And history isn t just classification of the past because anyone can create a list of categories

characters Metahistory The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth Century EuropeMetahistory The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth Century Europe

free read ´ eBook or Kindle ePUB ô Hayden White Hayden White ô 3 read characters Metahistory The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth Century Europe Ers as well as historians He explicates the styles of such historians as Michelet Ranke Tocueville and Borchardt and of such philosophers of history as Hegel Marx Nietzsche and Croc. A very difficult book to read but it really opened my mind and enlightened me a whole lotAnd of course it helped me a lot in my studies The Nuclear Platypus Biscuit Bible read but it The Heartbroken Heartbreaker really opened my mind and enlightened me a whole lotAnd of course it helped me a lot in my studies

free read ´ eBook or Kindle ePUB ô Hayden White

free read ´ eBook or Kindle ePUB ô Hayden White Hayden White ô 3 read characters Metahistory The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth Century Europe In White's view beyond the surface level of the historical text there is a deep structural or latent content that is generally poetic and specifically linguistic in nature This deep. Metahistory The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth Century Europe is not a work for the casual reader Hayden White s opus reuires some commitment and some work It is lengthy and there is a lot of jargon to wade through While jargon in a work of history often seems to substitute for original or even simply interesting thought White s project is complex enough that the jargon is warranted It effectively becomes shorthand for very complicated ideas so that the reader can follow White has he builds his arguments and he does not need to restate himself at every turn Essentially White examines eight nineteenth century authors four historians and four philosophers of history in order to dissect their works and discern the literary premises upon which they constructed their narratives I will attempt to paraphrase his project and I will not half do it justice White examined the works of GWF Hegel Karl Marx Friedrich Nietzsche Benedetto Croce Jules Michelet Leopold von Ranke Alexis de Tocueville and Jacob Burckhardt In doing so he paid special attention to what he called the poetic trope each author used to characterize their narrative That is were they basing their historical narratives in Metaphor Irony Metonymy or Synecdoche Depending on the trope employed each author s work would proceed on the grounds assumed by that trope In this way the operative trope of a work of history would necessarily characterize its subject in a certain fashion whether the trope were consciously chosen or subconsciously employed Additionally unconnected to the operative trope but working in conjunction with it is the author s given method of emplotment Does he present the historical events at hand as Romance Tragedy Comedy or Satire All of these uestions and oh so many determine for White the form these men s histories took I would come up with an example but frankly this aspect of Metahistory bored me a little I already believe that history is not a science or even really a pseudoscience but an art It is not the least surprising to me that an historical narrative draws its epistemological assumptions from poetic conceits storytelling conceits and not from objective observation But this very topic whether history is a science a pseudoscience or an art is precisely what White s subject authors were debating Which in fact brings me to what I did find really fascinating about Metahistory White contends that history in the newly scientific Enlightenment world of the 18th century suffered from extreme irony There was nothing new under the sun man had repeated the same savage and stupid mistakes in the past and would continue to do so into the future and while change is inevitable it is neither distinctly traceable nor predictable This state of psychological malaise triggered by a fever of scientific inuiry that only pointed out humankind s limitations made it practically necessary to write history in an ironic mode Come Hegel and the 19th century and folks were really tired of irony Hegel and the gentlemen whom White studies in Metahistory sought to identify history as a discipline proper and in many cases as a scientific discipline They sought to liberate it from irony and to gasp learn lessons from it that would improve the state of man Okay that last bit only generally For as White discovered liberating oneself from irony when the history of man is in fact a cyclical pageant of power relationships is not an easy task And a good portion of these eight authors did not believe the march of history was necessarily toward something good or better And here s what I found really interesting the extent to which our post post modern world suffers from just such an ironic malaise We live in an incredibly ironic age It is truly difficult to be earnest and genuine when you have been shown again and again that there is a dark side to every positive human impulse and that the light and the dark exist in each of us simultaneously And if history does anything it instructs us well of that As I wholeheartedly believe this correlation between the 19th century and the early 21st century and as I too have studied history hoping to learn some truths of humanity I was thrilled when White repeatedly found each of his eight authors grappling with a central conundrum with which I struggle daily action versus withdrawalOver and over again the intellectual pursuits of these eight historians led them to weigh the public merits and personal toll of remaining politically active and invested in the the future of their societies or of withdrawing into a personal life where one invests in private pursuits and loved ones and pretty much leaves the outside world to itself Something about studying history must bring this specific uandry upon one for I have certainly been consumed by it in recent years Or maybe it is a general uestion we all must answer and for those of us who are historically minded the study of the expanse of time brings the uestion front and center Maybe for the scientifically minded studying the universe s beginnings or the minute cosmos of an atom has the same effect In any event I certainly fall on the withdrawn side of things as it turns out did Jacob Burckhardt I felt a great kinship with these eight men even the ones who answered this uestion differently for at least they asked itif all change seems to end up as the same old grinding wheel of power and oppression why should I really advocate for change You take a long enough perspective on history and it all seems inane We are dust motes And we are not even particularly kind or virtuous dust motes We love our power and we want want want It makes me think of Meet John Doe the 1941 Capra film and Walter Brennan s rant about the heelots If you are not familiar please take a few minutes and watch this clip I do not agree on every point but I find it a really succinct way of summing up human greed and materialism And like Walter Brennan s character I prefer simply to not play that whole game rather than deal with the heelots I get by on a little and try not to wish for a lot I withdraw and I invest myself in the people and uiet pursuits I love I do vote I donate a little time and money now and again and I listen to the news But I definitely hear it filtered through the assumptions of the Ironic trope and emplotted by a mix of Satire and Comedy


10 thoughts on “Pdf/E–pub Metahistory The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth Century Europe

  1. says: characters Metahistory The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth Century Europe Pdf/E–pub Metahistory The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth Century Europe free read ´ eBook or Kindle ePUB ô Hayden White

    Pdf/E–pub Metahistory The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth Century Europe This was a difficult book for me to get through never read literary theory and have not read much historiography and they both give me headaches My tactic was to drink lots of red wine as i read but while enjoyable that tactic failed The book was started stopped re started etc throughout the spring then finally i took the plunge and headed out further than the first chapters further than i'd ever gone beforeThe chapter on Hegel is like a

  2. says: Pdf/E–pub Metahistory The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth Century Europe Hayden White ô 3 read characters Metahistory The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth Century Europe

    Pdf/E–pub Metahistory The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth Century Europe A fascinating book I gave it a fairly cursory read for some essay research but I think I will have to give it a thorough reading sometime in the future It basically argues that historiography produces tropologically constituted representations of the past not methodologically justified true accounts These representations are not dis

  3. says: characters Metahistory The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth Century Europe Pdf/E–pub Metahistory The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth Century Europe Hayden White ô 3 read

    Pdf/E–pub Metahistory The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth Century Europe free read ´ eBook or Kindle ePUB ô Hayden White characters Metahistory The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth Century Europe Metahistory The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth Century Europe is not a work for the casual reader Hayden White's opus reuires some commitment and some work It is lengthy and there is a lot of jargon to wade through While jargon in a work of history often seems to substitute for original or even simply interesting thought Wh

  4. says: Pdf/E–pub Metahistory The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth Century Europe free read ´ eBook or Kindle ePUB ô Hayden White Hayden White ô 3 read

    Pdf/E–pub Metahistory The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth Century Europe Studies of the 'poetic elements' of history writing by the master historians philosophers of history of the 19th c Compelling readings of Hegel Michelet Tocueville Ranke Burkhardt Marx Nietzsche and Croce Plus other nineteenth cent

  5. says: Pdf/E–pub Metahistory The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth Century Europe

    Pdf/E–pub Metahistory The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth Century Europe Great book Read it if you are interested in history philosophy of history intellectual history or historiography even generally This is were our discipline and writing style came from

  6. says: Pdf/E–pub Metahistory The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth Century Europe free read ´ eBook or Kindle ePUB ô Hayden White characters Metahistory The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth Century Europe

    Pdf/E–pub Metahistory The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth Century Europe free read ´ eBook or Kindle ePUB ô Hayden White characters Metahistory The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth Century Europe White seeks to classify forms of history from the 19th century in a meta historyHis focus is wholly in terms of classification as if the class

  7. says: Pdf/E–pub Metahistory The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth Century Europe Hayden White ô 3 read free read ´ eBook or Kindle ePUB ô Hayden White

    Hayden White ô 3 read Pdf/E–pub Metahistory The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth Century Europe Three levels by which historians provide explanation Mode of Emplotment Provides the meaning of the story by id

  8. says: Pdf/E–pub Metahistory The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth Century Europe free read ´ eBook or Kindle ePUB ô Hayden White Hayden White ô 3 read

    Pdf/E–pub Metahistory The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth Century Europe While some parts are really hard to read other parts are uite fun and I love White's ironical and sometimes almost taunting writing As a historian himself he probably knew when writing how some aspects of his thesis would enrage those historians who take themselves to seriously His main argument that historiography has thus far o

  9. says: Pdf/E–pub Metahistory The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth Century Europe

    free read ´ eBook or Kindle ePUB ô Hayden White Hayden White ô 3 read Pdf/E–pub Metahistory The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth Century Europe A very difficult book to read but it really opened my mind and enlightened me a whole lotAnd of course it helped me a lot in my studies

  10. says: free read ´ eBook or Kindle ePUB ô Hayden White Hayden White ô 3 read Pdf/E–pub Metahistory The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth Century Europe

    Pdf/E–pub Metahistory The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth Century Europe Hayden White ô 3 read characters Metahistory The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth Century Europe I must admit that I found this book really confusing and it took me uite a while to get through it The basic idea is interesing the linguistic narrative and poetic nature of history The apparatus White is using is confusing at times and I don't

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  • Paperback
  • 464
  • Metahistory The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth Century Europe
  • Hayden White
  • English
  • 07 August 2018
  • null