KINDLE [The Great Derangement]


  • Hardcover
  • 196
  • The Great Derangement
  • Amitav Ghosh
  • English
  • 15 September 2019
  • 9780226323039

Amitav Ghosh ç 9 Summary

Free read The Great Derangement Free download ´ E-book, or Kindle E-pub ç Amitav Ghosh Amitav Ghosh ç 9 Summary Are we deranged The acclaimed Indian novelist Amitav Ghosh argues that future generations may well think so How else to explain our imaginative failure in the face of global warming In his first major book of nonfiction since In an Antiue Land Ghosh examines our inability at the level of literature history and politics to grasp the scale and violence of climate changeThe extreme nature of today’s climate events Ghosh asserts make them peculiarly resistant to. I have been lamenting the lack of novels about climate change for a long time so was delighted to see that Amitav Ghosh had written a book on the subject Although the reasons for this deficiency in modern literature are the central enuiry of The Great Derangement there is a great deal to it than that Ghosh advances a resolutely Asian centric perspective on climate change which is refreshingly different from the US and European narratives that dominate climate change writing As he points out this dominance is not only because the US and Europe have been disproportionately responsible for greenhouse gas emissions anglophone countries are home to most of the climate change deniers and the climate scientists Yet as he points out the extreme weather events that are becoming freuent and severe due to climate change have a much greater impact in Asia Ghosh illustrates this with the example of Mumbai s vulnerability to cyclones and storm surges Ghosh s thesis about the lack of climate change novels has multiple overlapping facets One concerns the partitioning of nature from culture a second the separation of science fiction from literary fiction a third the centring of human consciousness agency and identity in the arts The latter point is developed specifically with regard to modern novels which according to John Updike must involve individual moral adventure As Ghosh explains this emphasis on individual interiority over community and disregard for nature is heavily linked to Western political economy generally It doesn t necessarily apply in Asia although literature is becoming increasingly globalised Like me Ghosh finds so called cli fi unsatisfactory and articulates why very neatly But cli fi is made up of disaster stories set in the future and that to me is exactly the rub The future is but one aspect of the age of human induced global warming it also includes the recent past and most significantly the present Climate change is precisely not an imagined other world apart from ours nor is it located in another time or dimension By no means are the events of the era of global warming the stuff of wonder tales yet it is also true that in relation to what we think of as normal now they are in many ways uncanny and they have indeed opened a doorway into what we might call a spirit world a universe animated by non human voices Ghosh s analysis helped me to consolidate my own thoughts about those novels I have read that are concerned with climate change few as they are The good Flight Behaviour by Barbara Kingsolver The Rapture by Liz Jensen and The Carbon Diaries 2015 and seuel by Saci Lloyd All four extrapolate the effects of climate change in the near present and how they alter people s lives Each is compelling thought provoking distinctive and narrated by a relatively vulnerable person an under educated woman in rural America a social worker and her charge a teenage girl These novels are not about people who can buy themselves out of the effects of climate change as current culture often seems to assume we all will The bad The Lamentations of Zeno by Ilija Trojanow and Solar by Ian McEwan which I couldn t finish are about middle aged men s collapsing marriages and say nothing meaningful about the effects of climate change on anyone let alone the vulnerable They use it as set dressing perhaps to disguise the extreme conventionality and tedium of the actual plots I felt tricked by both as the blurbs led me to believe that they were novels about climate change The best climate change novel I ve read is technically sci fi as it s set in the future New York 2140 by Kim Stanley Robinson What distinguishes it from cli fi is both its systematic world building continuity with the present and refusal to treat climate change as hopeless The plot concerns a diverse group of people who live in the same block of flats and co operate to fight against structural neoliberal forces rather than an insular group saving only themselves from apocalyptic collapse The main character is a city damaged but not destroyed by sea level rise Not only does New York 2140 portray daily life in a climate changed world rather than using it a generic disaster background cf The Water Knife but it demonstrates that there is hope for improvement I wish literary or science fiction did this I fear that speculative fiction anything not concerned exclusively with the emotional lives of middle class Western families is increasingly getting pushed onto the sci fi or crimethriller shelves Yet the current conventions of sci fi favour thriller plots centred on individual survival andor futuristic settings with little applicability to the present day In addition to lamenting the lack of climate change centric fiction Ghosh presents a very interesting angle on responsibility for climate change He argues that it is capitalism and imperialism are of eual importance and that while they are certainly dual aspects of a single reality the relationship between them is not and has never been a simple one I found this very thought provoking as I admittedly have always blamed capitalism for climate change and considered imperialism to be one of capitalism s especially vicious manifestations Although a detailed history of empire and capital s entwined links to industrialisation and fossil fuel based economies would take up a much longer book than this concise one Ghosh summarises his point convincingly in India s case It was imperialism that dictated the nature and tempo of India s engagement with global capitalism and thus the trajectory of its carbon emissions These particular chapters reminded me of my impatience for the seuel to Fossil Capital The Rise of Steam Power and the Roots of Global Warming by Andreas Malm likely to be titled Fossil Empire which is expected to explain how coal based industrialisation came to be exported from Britain to the world Amitav Ghosh is an articulate wise and incisive writer and this book repaid careful reading Among his analyses are some notable comments on politics the public sphere where politics is performed has been largely emptied of content in terms of the exercise of power as with fiction it has become a forum for secular testimony a baring of the soul in the world as church Politics as thus practised is primarily an exercise in personal expressiveness Contemporary culture in all its aspects including religious fundamentalisms of almost every variety is pervaded by this expressivism which is itself to a significant degree a result of the strong role of Protestant Christianity in the making of the modern world writes Roy Scranton This reminded me of the current drive for inclusive characters in fiction because a wider range of people wish to see themselves represented I am very sympathetic to this desire however personally I am much eager for novels about climate change than novels in which people like me are represented As things stand there are hardly any of either Ideally I d like both but to me ignoring the existential threat to humanity s survival is a immediate issue especially as it is the vulnerable and underrepresented that will suffer most as a conseuence of climate change And the two desires are the very opposite of mutually exclusive the wealthy white able cis heterosexual men of this world are most likely to be able to avoid confronting climate change This was part of the reason why The Lamentations of Zeno and Solar proved so disappointing they centred on men who suffered none of its effects and could thus waste all their energy on extramarital affairs It also occurs to me that during the Cold War nuclear destruction was not as rare and exceptional a topic for fiction as climate change is today Returning to politics Ghosh makes this specific point which echoes Why We Disagree about Climate Change Understanding Controversy Inaction and Opportunity if I recall correctly The public politics of climate change is itself an illustration of ways in which the moral political can produce paralysis Of late many activists and concerned people have begun to frame climate change as a moral issue This has become almost a plea of last resort appeals of many other kinds having failed to produce concerted action on climate change So in an ironic twist the individual conscience is now increasingly seen as the battleground of choice for a conflict that is self evidently a problem of the global commons reuiring collective action it is as if every other resource of democratic governance had been exhausted leaving this residue the moral By comparing the Pope s encyclical on climate change with the 2016 Paris Agreement Ghosh then demonstrates that this morality truly is a mere residue What power can it command against the weight and complexity of the carbon economy Towards the end of the book Ghosh turns to the arena in which climate change s seriousness is not contested the military security establishment This makes for an unsurprisingly downbeat ending concerned as it is with the politics of the armed lifeboat Nonetheless I have read depressing and much less thoughtful books about climate change The impact of this one is disproportionate to its short length and I hope it will spur further discussion on the treatment of climate change in fiction Novelists don t necessarily have a duty to write about issues of contemporary concern but why wouldn t they Surely there is inspiration to be found in drought induced migrations extreme weather events and eroding coastlines than the tired topic of marital difficulties It isn t as if there is binary choice between human stories and those concerned with nature that dichotomy has been fundamentally undermined by the advent of the Anthropocene Where are the novels that explore how people feel about climate change The ambivalent paradoxical fatalistic confused and frightened emotions evoked by something so much larger than our minds can easily encompass deserve analysis by gifted novelists and soon

Free download ´ E-book, or Kindle E-pub ç Amitav GhoshThe Great Derangement

Free read The Great Derangement Free download ´ E-book, or Kindle E-pub ç Amitav Ghosh Amitav Ghosh ç 9 Summary Contemporary modes of thinking and imagining This is particularly true of serious literary fiction hundred year storms and freakish tornadoes simply feel too improbable for the novel; they are automatically consigned to other genres In the writing of history too the climate crisis has sometimes led to gross simplifications; Ghosh shows that the history of the carbon economy is a tangled global story with many contradictory and counterintuitive elementsGhosh e. This extended essay is both huge in scope giving detailed attention to topics from the Victorian view of nature as reflected in Madame Bovary to the Chinese industrial revolution of the 11th century to the forecast effects of sea level rise on Mumbai and New York and very narrow in its ultimate focus which is the culture of literary fiction ie the Booker and broadsheet review sort so than the experimental oddities popular in vocal circles of GR If you enjoy seeing the results of a polymathic mind at work even if you aren t especially into books about environmental issues andor have reservations about litfic this would be a satisfying novella length readLiterary FictionLast year I became frustrated whilst involved in freuent discussion about litfic how utterly separate it seemed from the topic I was reading most about in non fiction climate change And Richard Powers reported novel in progress about trees was nowhere near publication So this book came along at just the right time However because Ghosh is himself so enmeshed in the litfic fraternity he doesn t have or rather doesn t transmit a sense of how small a field it is in sales and readership terms or in the eyes of the many readers who have other preferences and oddly never even alludes for his focus on literary is implicitly related to cultural prestige never alludes to the experimental and highbrow as if litfic were the apex and not seen as a dull middlebrow by some who prefer obscure or trashier works or both On Goodreads various readers of experimental fiction mingle in the best reviewer rankings with readers of popular genre novels litfic has always seemed to less prominent on here and the province of the newspapersI also thought he neglected to address the partisanship over a century old about political and issue led fiction versus the aesthetic artistic and amusing There are freuent skirmishes over the topic on Goodreads framing it as an eitheror a false dichotomy in my view many of the most interesting novels managing to incorporate both However it was refreshing that Ghosh did not delineate everything in the same old terms because he is calling for both realism about the issue of climate change in literary fiction and for greater attention to the fantastical and non human as is found in folktales from times when human life was directly subject to nature It felt as invigorating as a new paradigm But because his argument is uite subtle it could uite easily read to the art for art s sake team as entirely a denigration of their viewpoint That isn t helped by his rather sweeping example free statements about Modernism and its focus on language and human internality and less on politics as being even pronounced than those of recent litfic These rang hollow to me because since I became aware of Ghosh s book nearly a year ago by far the best example of serious fiction I ve read which fulfils its suggested remit is the section Time Passes in Virginia Woolf s To the Lighthouse in which a holiday home is abandoned for years encroached upon by animals and plants whilst its upper class intellectual owners are affected by the First World War It shows that the experimental may be an easier place to introduce the non human and the slipperiness of a material reality once assumed to be secure than is yet another realist novel about infidelity in HampsteadFor the benefit of those who view issues in fiction as oppositional to aesthetics Ghosh could have emphasised that contemporary literary fiction freuently features other sociopolitical topics especially class and wealth divisions between people and experiences of war but that climate change and nature as a force to which humans are subject other than via common serious diseases such as cancer is distinctively missing A point which as I read The Great Derangement I realised was the source of my frustration mentioned above Experimental fiction may be less inclined to foreground issues but they are often present in the background perhaps in characters living conditions Yet when one is hanging out in online crowds in which literary fiction is the favoured form Ghosh s critiue of its neglect of a major issue of our time and of imminent times and especially of how this indicts its claim to seriousness when other topics are addressed over and over is absolutely relevant I wanted to nag some people to read this book even before I d looked at anything than the previewA common response to mentioning the lack of reference to climate change in litfic whether among people I know or among BTL Guardian commenters is to just read SF instead FFS Here is a good recent article about climate change in fiction including SF The neglect of the issue is seen by some friends as merely one symptom of litfic s backwaterish irrelevancy and dullness outside the newspapers and prizes merry go round It is indeed a form with a far smaller audience and a diminishing contribution to the wider cultural conversation compared with what it had in for example the 1950s and 1960s Its genre snobbishness although this I see far among GR hardcore experimentalist circles now as litfic readers writers and critics who grew up on comics hit their 40s and gain significant influence looks particularly archaic and ridiculous when compared with film Among cineastes it s form and presentation that counts towards respect no topics circumscribed and there is plenty of arthouse SF Perhaps proportionally than experimental speculative fiction in book form Yet literary fiction does still count as both measure of and signal to what does or should really matter to the broadsheet inclined audience which includes the political classes and other significant decision makers If Ghosh thinks the near absence of climate change in literary fiction is symptomatic of society s unwillingness to face up to the future and the effects of its own actions noting that future settings are as uncharacteristic of litfic just as much as historical fiction is a staple of prize longlists I would say that as other forms have addressed it it is perhaps related to the neglect of it and to general short termism and unwillingness to seriously contemplate what will happen among the comfortable chattering classes My view may be skewed because over the past year I have returned to reading about the environment than I had for over a decade but it does seem as if there are serious stories getting public attention now than there used to be even a couple of years ago Ghosh notes that in 2015 two highly significant international documents about climate change appeared the Paris Agreement and the papal encyclical Laudato si whilst the Booker longlist was entirely devoid of the subject I would argue that the following year s The North Water however does address human despoliation of the environment in a historical setting Anna s excellent review of this book explains other reasons why literary fiction matters specifically in covering this topic including its artistic approachGhosh sees the situation of serious fiction as flowing from Enlightenment and C19th views of nature in which nature was surprisingly to us now seen as stable ordered and subject to only gradual change An opposition of catastrophism versus gradualism in which the former was seen as primitive existed in geology from Lyell s time and was still around among 1980s doubters of the asteroid theory of dinosaur extinction This sense of stability in nature mirrored the increasing stability of western bourgeois life as industrial society grew up and medicine advanced such stable lives being seen as ideal subject matter Emma Bovary s love of melodramatic romances and foolish rejection such stability being uoted in support However this idea was there in the novel at least a couple of hundred years earlier with Don uixote written when modernity was emerging but life including Cervantes own was still highly turbulent Is that because it s a bourgeois idea Because a certain leaning towards the prosaic is inherent in the novel And given the reservations many people I know have about the middlebrow middle classness of literary fiction this aspect of the critiue of the subgenre being too concerned with stable bourgeouis life was an easy sellBetween 2012 2016 when the online social justice movement was at its height among my frustrations with it was the total neglect of environmental issues in favour of aggressive minutiae of identity politics Ghosh agrees however he seems not to have noticed that the idea of speciesism was recently slowly gaining ground in some uarters of it and the way this ties in with the rise of veganism As a Guardian reader my current impression from the paper is that about 30 40% of people are now vegan not what 1 2% that s how prominent it s becoming And that another 10% are trying obsessively to avoid buying plastic One of the book s big uestions how will people in a future climate changed world view literature of the C20th and early C21st parallels the social justice reading of older fiction Assuming that book distribution leisure time and literature study are still as plentiful as today I really don t think it will be in 150 years and probably sooner I would think that as with slavery and casual racism and sexism in books from our past some readers will see resource profligacy and obliviousness to this to be defining features of these novels reasons why they should be consigned to the sidelines whereas many others will see them as unfortunate with plenty else to enjoy in the stories regardless And surely some will wish they were living in times of such everyday luxury a decadence cultAsia Climate ChangeGhosh critiues the idea that Asian countries are entirely future victims of climate change in a complex argument He mentions that western environmentalists such as Naomi Klein neglect to mention imperialism as a cause of climate change alongside capitalism itself Or rather of the particular patterns of climate change which are occurring now Essentially he considers that imperialism may have delayed significant climate change but that colonial powers are still significantly responsible for global environmental changes as they are experienced Major Asian countries had industrial expansions and extractive industries that are little known to the average Westerner I managed to do a whole history degree albeit not very recently without having heard of the Chinese industrial revolution of the C11th it led to significant deforestation and once coal was discovered its adoption as a fuel in some areas However as the deposits were not very accessible with medieval technology topography meant that large scale fossil fuel based indistrialisation didn t begin in medieval China and instead had to wait until Europeans started it in the C18th Most accounts of the history of oil trace its initial drilling to the C19th USA however many countries used oil on a smal scale where local deposits little understood were available and the Burmese had been using oil with the widest spread trading network Ghosh suggests that nineteenth century Burma would have been the world s first petrostate if it had not been crushed by British colonial wars India for a while developed a formidable shipbuilding industry and copied British built steamships However the Empire stymied this by banning Indian built ships from its ports So had history progressed only slightly differently global industry would have had rather a different distribution and carbon emissions would have been much higher much earlier Ghosh considers there to have been two significant eras for emissions the West in the early twentieth century and Asia in the 1980s onwards the latter although it was not so densely industrialised had a huge impact due to sheer human numbersA signficant difference from the West was that in major Asian countries there was always greater opposition to industrialisation from religion Hinduism Buddhism Confucianism and from public intellectuals Nineteenth century novels may sometimes lament the coming of the railways and the changes they wrought to the countryside but no one truly influential spoke up against industrialisation itself as opposed to say conditions in factories However as colonial powers packed up and went home political leaders became keen to start trying to catch up with the West Gandhi before his assassination was accused of trying to hold India back and Chinese Communism pushed religious belief to one side in favour of punishing regimes of agricultural and industrial progressGhosh considers that on balance the West still owes the rest of the world including Asia for damage wrought by climate change but that Asia in particular is not purely a victimA Dystopian FutureGhosh has a particularly gloomy view of the future Is that why he s frustratingly blase about the issue of individual action versus collective action assuming they are an eitheror and that readers aren t going to be rolling their eyes at his international arts lifestyle living and evidently flyinh uite freuently between New York and India I posted about this subject here The outright collapsitarian vision whilst alarming to some has a strong element of freedom to it and for physically tough people with certain viewpoints it may even be invigorating But the world envisaged here dominated by the politics of the armed lifeboat has no such primitivist libertarian appeal Delineating plausible and pessimistic reasoning for military planners careful study of climate change he considers how climate change and the instability it will wreak to be an excuse for increasing authoritarian militarisation especially of countries that are likely destinations for millions of refugees from regions stricken by famine and unbearable heat The countries where the refugees originate may in turn have punitive policies of their own introduced to appease Western powers The poor everywhere but especially those in the Global South end up worse off than ever I think this increased authoritarianism is very sadly plausible in densely populated countries like Britain whereas the US is spread out and contains many recalcitrant armed citizens it does seem likely to fragment and collapse There even appears to be an implication that some actors in the deep state may not want to do much to mitigate climate change precisely because they see global turbulence as an opportunity to strengthen their stranglehold which is considerably depressing than as usual assuming they only care about making money in the short term Ghosh tries to end the book on a sudden hopeful note that current youngsters and the literature they have yet to write may help to create a better world than that He also has high hopes for world religions becoming ready made pressure groups for lowering carbon emissions no mention of the Catholic neglect of population as an issue I was reminded of Mark Lynas Six Degrees and his description of illogically optimistic conclusions many authors add to their environmental books because they feel they should With a little creative vision and words that conclusion could have sounded convincing and inspiring to action as otherwise it doesn t sound like Amitav Ghosh wants to join Dark Mountain just yetThere may be a few flaws in this book but it s an original and interesting melange of topics The issue it addresses with literary fiction may seem minor to some especially those who don t read much litfic but some of us at least had been frustrated by it already Ghosh is saying something that needed to be said how can this subgenre claim such seriousness and weight and relevance when it has its head in the sand However will many dedicated readers of literary fiction actually take a break from novels to read this critiue

Free read The Great Derangement

Free read The Great Derangement Free download ´ E-book, or Kindle E-pub ç Amitav Ghosh Amitav Ghosh ç 9 Summary Nds by suggesting that politics much like literature has become a matter of personal moral reckoning rather than an arena of collective action But to limit fiction and politics to individual moral adventure comes at a great cost The climate crisis asks us to imagine other forms of human existence a task to which fiction Ghosh argues is the best suited of all cultural forms His book serves as a great writer’s summons to confront the most urgent task of our ti. We should not wait till the time entire mumbai city is washed away Mumbai is sitting on the edge It is like a time bomb ticking to explode at any moment This might of nature is evident to you as you read the book The reason I stumbled upon this book is probably because I was looking for some fiction written by Amitav Ghosh This title grabbed my attention than the other books I am glad I chose this one Honestly speaking I did not expect such an in depth analysis and review from a fiction writer While I was interested in the science part of the climate change what the book offers is a perspective on the literature history and politics of climate change Yet I must say I was not disappointed The author delves deep into the topics when he discusses all three The author argues the reasons why the contemporary literature fails to address climate change The part on history of climate change is such a revelation It was really interesting to read about the coal and petroleum economies The politics of climate change although a little familiar to me is still interesting This makes an interesting reading in the backdrop of the recent event of all references to climate change being removed from the Whitehouse website with the 45th president coming in For someone like me who is a novice at reading books many pages especially at the start of the book were found to be heavily laden with the literary jargon and hence a bit difficult to understand I needed a dictionary at my hand constantly But overall it turns out to be a wonderful reading on a relevant topic


10 thoughts on “KINDLE [The Great Derangement]

  1. says: KINDLE [The Great Derangement] Amitav Ghosh ç 9 Summary Free download ´ E-book, or Kindle E-pub ç Amitav Ghosh

    KINDLE [The Great Derangement] This is an absolutely brilliant book I’d describe it as something like “A People’s History of Climate Change” There are three major reasons why I consider it so vital which I will outline below“The Great Derangement” is our collective inability to come to terms or even imagine the catastrophe that is currently staring us in the

  2. says: Free download ´ E-book, or Kindle E-pub ç Amitav Ghosh Amitav Ghosh ç 9 Summary KINDLE [The Great Derangement]

    KINDLE [The Great Derangement] Most people seem to agree that humans are on the verge of climate disaster with this decade a crucial one in making decisions about how the planet may survive centrally by drastically reducing carbon emissions Th

  3. says: KINDLE [The Great Derangement] Free download ´ E-book, or Kindle E-pub ç Amitav Ghosh Free read The Great Derangement

    KINDLE [The Great Derangement] I have been lamenting the lack of novels about climate change for a long time so was delighted to see that Amitav Ghosh had written a

  4. says: KINDLE [The Great Derangement] Free download ´ E-book, or Kindle E-pub ç Amitav Ghosh Amitav Ghosh ç 9 Summary

    Free download ´ E-book, or Kindle E-pub ç Amitav Ghosh Amitav Ghosh ç 9 Summary KINDLE [The Great Derangement] This extended essay is both huge in scope giving detailed attention to topics from the Victorian view of nature as reflected in Madame Bovary to the Chinese industrial revolution of the 11th century to the forecast effects of sea level rise on Mumbai and New York and very narrow in its ultimate focus which is the culture

  5. says: Amitav Ghosh ç 9 Summary KINDLE [The Great Derangement]

    KINDLE [The Great Derangement] Amitav Ghosh ç 9 Summary Free download ´ E-book, or Kindle E-pub ç Amitav Ghosh Naomi Klein has this to say about this book On very rare occasions a writer marshals such a searing insight and storytelling skill that even a w

  6. says: KINDLE [The Great Derangement]

    KINDLE [The Great Derangement] Amitav Ghosh ç 9 Summary Free download ´ E-book, or Kindle E-pub ç Amitav Ghosh History will judge this as the age of derangement because collectively we have chosen to ignore the greatest challenge of our times climate change When Ghosh paints the frightening picture he does it amazes us that this has remained s

  7. says: KINDLE [The Great Derangement]

    KINDLE [The Great Derangement] The world was voidThe populous and the powerful was a lumpSeasonless herbless treeless manless lifeless A lump o

  8. says: KINDLE [The Great Derangement]

    KINDLE [The Great Derangement] Fiction History and Politics of Climate ChangeSome months ago I saw my Goodreads friend's review of this book His review and rating made me buy this book Meanwhile I finished another book of Amitav Ghosh The Shadow Lines I became a fan of his prose after reading that novel Same thing is true for this book The book is div

  9. says: Free download ´ E-book, or Kindle E-pub ç Amitav Ghosh Amitav Ghosh ç 9 Summary Free read The Great Derangement

    KINDLE [The Great Derangement] Amitav Ghosh ç 9 Summary We should not wait till the time entire mumbai city is washed away Mumbai is sitting on the edge It is like a time bomb ticking to explode at any moment This might of nature is evident to you as you read the book The reason I stumbled upon this book is probably because I was looking for some fiction written by Amitav Ghosh This ti

  10. says: Free read The Great Derangement Amitav Ghosh ç 9 Summary KINDLE [The Great Derangement]

    Amitav Ghosh ç 9 Summary Free download ´ E-book, or Kindle E-pub ç Amitav Ghosh Free read The Great Derangement Amitav Ghosh takes a break from fiction to write this non fictional account on a topic that is close to his heart The looming threat

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