PDF/EPUB The Politics of Resentment


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    Read & Download The Politics of Resentment PDF/EPUB The Politics of Resentment Free read â PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook ☆ Katherine J. Cramer The

  2. says: PDF/EPUB The Politics of Resentment

    Katherine J. Cramer ☆ 0 review PDF/EPUB The Politics of Resentment Hard to read really I skimmed some of it and dipped into it in several places Seemed to make the same points over and over

  3. says: Free read â PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook ☆ Katherine J. Cramer Katherine J. Cramer ☆ 0 review Read & Download The Politics of Resentment

    Katherine J. Cramer ☆ 0 review Free read â PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook ☆ Katherine J. Cramer PDF/EPUB The Politics of Resentment As a lifelong Wisconsinite and 11 year Madisonian I suppose I am in the prime market for this book about the way our state's rural urban divide has played out on the political stage While I grew up in what was generally considered a small town it was nevertheless a town of just over 10000 people less than an hour away from Madison; which i

  4. says: Read & Download The Politics of Resentment Free read â PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook ☆ Katherine J. Cramer Katherine J. Cramer ☆ 0 review

    PDF/EPUB The Politics of Resentment This author lucked out covering this topic at such a pivotal moment in Wisconsin politics It's too easy for a liberal minded person such as myself to make assumptions about those who choose to support Scott Walker and the

  5. says: Read & Download The Politics of Resentment PDF/EPUB The Politics of Resentment Free read â PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook ☆ Katherine J. Cramer

    Free read â PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook ☆ Katherine J. Cramer PDF/EPUB The Politics of Resentment As the saying goes the best books tell you what you already know Rural people see themselves as a group who thinks it doe

  6. says: PDF/EPUB The Politics of Resentment Katherine J. Cramer ☆ 0 review Read & Download The Politics of Resentment

    Read & Download The Politics of Resentment PDF/EPUB The Politics of Resentment Katherine J. Cramer ☆ 0 review Easy five star She did an excellent job with the research and in relaying it in digestible bites I love how she breaks up the narrative with actual conversation It was insightful to me as someone who is a native Wisconsinite and passionate about politics I consider myself as having grown up in rural Wisconsin but Cramer shows that people who live in the northern third of the state really consider that differe

  7. says: Read & Download The Politics of Resentment Katherine J. Cramer ☆ 0 review PDF/EPUB The Politics of Resentment

    PDF/EPUB The Politics of Resentment Report of very interesting research into how people make political decisions However to say this book similar to 'Hillbilly Elegy' explains Trump which the author herself does notsay is a gross over interpretation The research was begun in the early 2000s and continued for uite a few years As a result the timing was perfect to analyze the rise and attempted recall of Scott Walker And as the book was not only timed right but also

  8. says: PDF/EPUB The Politics of Resentment

    PDF/EPUB The Politics of Resentment Free read â PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook ☆ Katherine J. Cramer Katherine J. Cramer ☆ 0 review The third and final book in the Why do they hate us? trilogy the Politics of Resentment joins Hillbilly Elegy and Strangers in their Own Land a

  9. says: Read & Download The Politics of Resentment Katherine J. Cramer ☆ 0 review Free read â PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook ☆ Katherine J. Cramer

    Read & Download The Politics of Resentment Katherine J. Cramer ☆ 0 review PDF/EPUB The Politics of Resentment In the past few years a variety of liberal academics have adopted a Gorillas in the Mist sensibility when trying to understand conservatives 

  10. says: Read & Download The Politics of Resentment PDF/EPUB The Politics of Resentment Free read â PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook ☆ Katherine J. Cramer

    PDF/EPUB The Politics of Resentment Free read â PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook ☆ Katherine J. Cramer Katherine J. Cramer ☆ 0 review I didn't expect an ethnography of rural voters to be gripping but Cramer did a really good job of explaining and justifying her methodology clearly and then providing the goods Her research was careful and self aware and the story of the diffe

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Read & Download The Politics of Resentment

The Politics of Resentment Read ¶ 100 Read & Download The Politics of Resentment Y matches our own Using Scott Walker and Wisconsin’s prominent and protracted debate about the appropriate role of government Cramer illuminates the contours of rural consciousness showing how place based identities profoundly influence how people understand politics regardless of whether urban politicians and their supporters really do shortchange or look down on those living in the country The Politics of Resentment shows that rural resentment no less than partisanship race or class plays a major role in dividing America against itse. In the past few years a variety of liberal academics have adopted a Gorillas in the Mist sensibility when trying to understand conservatives Like Dian Fossey they creep wearing a ghillie suit through thick and steamy jungles alien to them hoping to grasp what it is that makes these creatures tick Sometimes they become fond of these primates and in their own clumsy way try to improve their lives by protecting them from threats they appear too dumb to see Like Fossey most of them are obsessives with tunnel vision bound in chains by premises invisible to them Katherine Cramer author of The Politics of Resentment fits right into this model even if Wisconsin is a long way from Rwanda and a lot colder She offers us a book that is half morality play half sociology study and all cluelessAs the subtitle says the focus of this book is Rural Consciousness in Wisconsin and the Rise of Scott Walker For a certain type of liberal Scott Walker is Beelzebub Prince of Lies and the framing of this book by Walker s actions shows that Cramer is that type of liberal The reference to consciousness is another liberal tic But the clearest telegraphing of Cramer s obsessions comes from the title s reference to resentment the central theme of the book used like a dead fish to whack us repeatedly in the face For liberals opposition to liberal policies is never well considered it is always resentment a sub rational cluster of negative feelings flung wildly at the wrong targets usually as a result of manipulation of the ignorant by the malignant Svengalis of Fox News On the plus side though Cramer never uses the related French word ressentiment so beloved of the incoherent post modernist philosophers on whom most modern leftist ideology is based For that I will count my blessings since when reading this book they are few and far betweenThis is an academic work not a popular work so some allowances should be made Technical references to other academics are constant Methodology is repeatedly discussed in detail Stilted language and terminology abounds On the other hand Cramer is not totally lacking in self reference She is proudly aware she is a Madison based liberal academic driving out in her Volkswagen Jetta to other mostly rural areas of the state to strike up conversations with a broad range of people around forty different small groups to understand what makes them pick the berries they do I mean to understand what makes them think and vote the way they do She notes her shock when Walker wins his recall election Living in Madison support for Walker was invisible and pretty much taboo I wonder what Trump s election was like in Madison Fun for people like me I suppose But she s not that self aware she regularly beclowns herself with statements like Goldwater gained support in that 1964 race by appealing to a coalition of McCarthyites anticommunists and that whenever Republicans ran on an anti New Deal platform they were appealing to those opposed to integration On balance she tries hard but sometimes trying hard just isn t enough to succeedCramer s core uestion the reason why she traveled around the state conversing with different small groups is one that seems to bedevil liberals even though or because it is not a very intelligent uestion It is why do working class people oppose liberal policies especially bigger government when bigger government seems likely to give them other people s money Or as Cramer phrases it she wanted to examine what it looks like when people who might benefit from government instead prefer far less of it She rejects the idea that this is a central debate about the appropriate role of government Instead it is something else resentment toward our fellow citizens As becomes clear throughout the book by fellow citizens she means exclusively government employees whose reputations she is determined to rescue from the mire into which their own actions have sunk themselves In short this is a paean to government workers and a song of sympathy for their underappreciation by rural bumpkins structured around whining that government workers are hurt by irrational demands for smaller governmentCramer begins her story with the brouhaha surrounding the new governor s Scott Walker s introduction of a budget bill Act 10 in February 2011 that among other effects sharply limited collective bargaining with government employees other than police and firefighters and reuired all government employees to increase their payroll contributions for health and pension benefits to a tune of a 10 percent cut to many of their paychecks Before we proceed further it is beneficial to review some undisputed history and facts Working backward what Cramer does not tell us here but what we can tease out of other parts of her book and some basic research is that payroll contributions of government employees were made to increase because government employees had been receiving massive benefits far higher than of those of private employees on top of their already exceptionally large wages as I parse below So pay cut is a propagandistic term although in economic terms it is not entirely wrong Nor does Cramer note that the increase reuired was for government workers to pay at least 126% of the actual costs of their health care benefits when up to that time they had paid an average of 6% as opposed to the 50% or paid by most private sector employees And Act 10 reuired them to pay 58% of their own pension benefits again not noted by Cramer when almost all private sector employees get no pension at all other than what they save for themselves The horrorMore generally though Cramer ignores the pernicious effects of the mere existence of unions for government employees She celebrates repeatedly that Wisconsin in 1959 was one of the first states to permit them She does not tell us why they were not permitted before that other than to make the curious claim that There was a fear or at least an argument that collective bargaining for government workers would inhibit the provision of public services to citizens As recently as 1936 government employees were referred to as tax eaters In our house you can make that date 2017 The answer why they were always forbidden earlier is clear because they are a public evil and until public virtue declined no legislator would countenance the damage to the republic that was certain to result and did result Unions of private sector employees involve bargaining between two parties employee and employer each of which has something to gain and something to lose and each of which absorbs its own gains and losses Unions of government employee involve bargaining between two parties employees and elected officials with the benefits accruing to both parties and all the costs being handed to a third party the employer ie the taxpayer who is given no voice at all in the negotiation of the terms of employment Elected officials almost always Democrats get the support via advertising and endorsements and votes of the union leadership and often the votes of the members who in any case are forced via reuired union dues to financially contribute to the election of officials they may not personally vote for Government employees receive pay pension and health benefits vastly greater than private sector employees which ratchet constantly upward as new politicians seek union support The taxpayers future taxpayers mostly get the bill hence tax eaters Among many other wicked effects this is the main cause of the effective bankruptcy of among other states California and Illinois but not Wisconsin thanks to Scott Walker though we re getting ahead of ourselvesAnyway back to February 2011 and the first page of this book Cramer celebrates that thousands of people illegally occupied the Wisconsin Capitol to protest Walker s proposal Most of them of course could do so because they were government employees who were given time off at taxpayer expense or jobless people such as students or retirees As one of Cramer s conversation partners accurately says Why were the private sector people showing up only on the weekend That s because if they d called in sick to their employer they would have been fired This was all an attempt to coerce the Legislature to obey the will of the shrillest In an infamous corollary Two days later fourteen Democrats in the state senate fled to Illinois in an effort to block the bill Cramer does not note of course that this act was profoundly anti democratic although I suppose that s obvious nor does she seem at all critical of it Neither does she note the numerous death threats to Walker and Republicans and other bad behavior by the protestors But the bill was ultimately passed and had the effects Walker and his supporters desiredWhat s that you say government employee You say that government employees are paid less showing they need the unions Cramer disagrees with you though she tries not to She shows distributions of incomes for government and private workers in low income areas where the average total income was under 30000 and then also in higher income areas where the average exceeded 33500 What we see here is that in both low and high income areas for low and middle ranges of incomes government workers are making than private workers In low income areas only among the very highest income percentiles are private workers earning than government employees But in high income areas the top 15 percent of private workers are making a great deal than the top 15 percent of government workers Let me translate that In every segment of workers except the top 16 or so percent of wage earners government workers earn a higher wage The only thing surprising about this is Cramer s surprise everybody knows that a small slice of private sector employees has very high income Looking at Cramer s graphs it appears that at the 85th percentile the average government worker s income is about 75K as is the average private worker s at the 90th percentile 100K vs 110K and at the 98th percentile 120K vs 150K Even at the high end in other words government workers make almost as much as the highest paid private sector workersAnd although Cramer does not mention it if you dig deep enough into the data on which she bases her conclusions you find that although they do include pensions they do not include health benefits and as her conversation partners repeatedly complain and Cramer does not dispute government workers in Wisconsin receive enormous dollar values of health benefits This analysis also ignores the almost total job security that government workers not just tenured professors like Cramer receive making them essentially totally insulated from job performance reuirements an extremely valuable benefit no private sector worker has And finally leaving aside that much of the substantive work of many government employees is of negative social value their productivity is much lower than that of private sector workers so relative wage per unit of output is even higher My conclusion and the conclusion of those whom Cramer interviewed is that government workers have it easy and need to have their power broken and Scott Walker is awesome for doing so The only unfortunate thing is that such actions are not nationwide yetFrom this discussion of Walker s successes which occurred in the middle of her series of conversations this book was published in 2016 Cramer turns to finding an answer to her core uestion through the prism of her conversations She realized pretty uickly when trying to answer her uestion that it wasn t as liberals assumed that somehow the Republican Party has fooled people into not noticing that they are opposing the very kind of government programs that might help them out Rather In rural areas there is a great deal of pride in the idea that help is about letting people work hard enough so they can make it on their own The sense I got from these conversations is that help for many is about providing jobs not welfare While this is common sense and should not be a surprise to anyone at least Cramer was able to grasp and admit that her preconceptions had been proved wrong It is at least stumbling in the right direction But let s not go too far When Cramer expresses dismay that during the Great Recession Many people in rural communities looked around and saw themselves in a place perpetually stuck in disadvantage and they resented public employees who seemed to be protected from hardship all because of the hard work of people like themselves in hard times she never considers whether this resentment is entirely rational because the perceptions are wholly accurateFor Cramer s purposes in the rural areas which are her focus all government workers are paid substantially on average than private sector workers And yet she wonder why it is that public servants are resented At least she is able to admit that some sound possible basis for the resentment such as when a man who has broken his health logging all his life cannot retire at seventy since he has no pension but notes that government workers can retire at fifty with a pension eual to 70% of income and generous health care benefits on which no income tax has to be paid including the ability to get many years of health care benefits for free by using accumulated sick leave pay It is not totally clear how accurate these claims are Cramer does not dispute them and she always seems to dispute claims with which she disagrees but from the discussion around Act 10 it s evident that there is some pay in element to both pensions and health care for government workers Glancing at the UW website for example it is true that the retirement age is 50 but only for police and firefighters others are 55Another common theme of Cramer s conversations was that rural areas were not getting their fair share that Madison and Milwaukee hogged the taxpayer dollars especially for schools As Cramer shows this is not really true although viewed from some angles it is at least partially true Her interlocutors also complained about high gas prices a important issue to people who drive obviously and most importantly that they lacked power and their concerns were ignored by the big city people who had the power They don t like relying on tourism either which is seasonal unreliable and degrading None of this is surprising but it s interestingCramer struggles with race She finds a grand total of zero racism among any of her interlocutors although some resentment against local American Indians She notes that resentment she finds everywhere was almost always directed at white people government bureaucrats and faculty members at the flagship public university But she follows this with incoherent babbling such as At the same time given the way arguments against redistribution in the United States have historically been made by euating deservingness with whiteness these conversations are about race even when race is not mentioned Cramer would have been better served by just admitting that she couldn t find any racism again contrary to her preconceptions But that might have been a bridge too far for the people paying her salary not the taxpayers of course but her superiors at the University of Wisconsin whom she constantly praises and toadies to throughout the bookCramer also struggles with the idea that government workers could be anything but paragons of virtue Her conversation partners often complain about specific actions by government workers especially by the Department of Natural Resources Cramer always defends the DNR But when rural residents complain that researchers from the University of Wisconsin ignore rules against gas boat motors on a lake and laugh at and humiliate residents who ask them to stop using the gas motors Cramer falls all over herself to make sure nobody thinks she agrees with these rural ingrates I want to remind my readers especially those of you who work at an institution of higher education that puts considerable efforts into serving the broader public that these are perceptions They are not necessarily accurate Maybe the stories I just relayed were examples of miscommunication I certainly encountered claims about UW Madison activity that were false Excuse me while I vomitSimilar but sophisticated and nuanced uestioning lies at the core of Joan Williams s White Working Class and Arlie Hochschild s Strangers in Their Own Land Williams s answer is that we need advertising celebrating the federal government directed at the poor in essence educating the working class as to who their lordly benefactors are However she at least recognizes the importance of moral virtue to the working class and the role it plays in distinguishing them to themselves from the poor ie from the lazy recipients of government handouts regardless of the accuracy of that stereotype She also recognizes the resentment of the working class against the professional management elite who lack moral virtues and are perceived as not working hard yet despise the working class Hochschild in a similar but distinct vein claims that the answer is that emotional self interest as in the belief that others are cutting in line ahead of them and attacking their dignity often trumps economic self interest That s an unsophisticated understanding but tends again towards a moral distinctionBoth Williams and Hochschild come much closer to the truth than Cramer who mostly seems befuddled None come as close as Jonathan Haidt who directly addresses this uestion through the prism of morality namely he concludes that economic or broadly rational interests are often or mostly trumped by morals which are primarily innate and for most people are not at all like the morals of Cramer or of Williams or Hochschild Of the six moral foundations Haidt identifies probably the one most relevant here is fairnesscheating these rural people Cramer talks with think it s immoral for the government to take by force from some just to give to others because it s unfair and cheating even if the others are themselves This is not a matter of rational calculation as Haidt explains and Cramer totally fails to understand it is pre rational although very much a form of cognition The varied reasoning offered to Cramer when she tries to pin her interlocutors down on why they don t want government handouts from a feeling it ll still cost them to a feeling government is too big or too wasteful or too stupid are not necessarily wrong reasoning but they are for the most part offered up by people who have already made the decision that too much government is immoral and are trying to find rationales to explain their already existing conclusion Of course as Haidt outlines Cramer and people like her do as much if not much such rationale finding what Haidt calls reasoning why as opposed to the prior seeing what Review finishes as first comment

Free read â PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook ☆ Katherine J. Cramer

The Politics of Resentment

The Politics of Resentment Read ¶ 100 Read & Download The Politics of Resentment Since the election of Scott Walker Wisconsin has been seen as ground zero for debates about the appropriate role of government in the wake of the Great Recession In a time of rising ineuality Walker not only survived a bitterly contested recall that brought thousands of protesters to Capitol Suare he was subseuently reelected How could this happen How is it that the very people who stand to benefit from strong government services not only vote against the candidates who support those services but are vehemently against the very idea of b. Hard to read really I skimmed some of it and dipped into it in several places Seemed to make the same points over and over about how white people mainly lower middle class and of middling educational accomplishment who live in rural communities across Wisconsin are resentful of public employees immigrants minorities and people who live in cities all of whom are believed to get than their fair share of public resources to have of a voice in politics and government and to be mostly lazy and undeserving They believe this stuff even though rural people get government resources in terms of per capita spending than do their much despised fellow citizens in the cities So basically these uninformed and prejudiced bumpkins and their rural myths and biases are the heart and soul of this entire book The book provides lots of direct uotations in extended conversations recorded in has stations and diners and coffee shops across the state over a period of a year or so After last night s election experience I can t bear to read any of the book I am sure these white Wisconsinites are lovely people in many ways But they are holding back America and for the next four years we will pay the price for their misinformed and prejudiced views and their reckless and destructive political influence So I will be looking for something else to read

Katherine J. Cramer ☆ 0 review

The Politics of Resentment Read ¶ 100 Read & Download The Politics of Resentment Ig government             With The Politics of Resentment Katherine J Cramer uncovers an oft overlooked piece of the puzzle rural political consciousness and the resentment of the “liberal elite” Rural voters are distrustful that politicians will respect the distinct values of their communities and allocate a fair share of resources What can look like disagreements about basic political principles are therefore actually rooted in something even fundamental who we are as people and how closely a candidate’s social identit. As the saying goes the best books tell you what you already know Rural people see themselves as a group who thinks it doesn t get its fair share and that undeserving city folk minorities unions get too much They resent the people they perceive as undeserving of money and power they have in the cities They view the pie as limited and that they are engaged in a zero sum game and they will be damned if they let those they deem undeserving of getting their chunk The author uses a lot of political science jargon to explain this but that is what it boils down to As far as the reality of the perceived slights against rural folk the evidence is non existent or goes the other way but their perception and identity and resentment drive their politics No surprise if you follow politics at all The author marshalls a lot of data and evidence to sew up the case but nobody is shocked

  • Paperback
  • 225
  • The Politics of Resentment
  • Katherine J. Cramer
  • en
  • 14 September 2018
  • 9780226349114